3 months ago
1852 Governor Bigler started to stigmatize the Chinese as coolies.
1848, gold was discovered at Sutter's Mill in California
September 9, 1850, California was admitted into the Union as the 31st state.
1855 Race was mentioned in section 18 of 1885 school law. Only "White children was mentioned".
1854. A separate school for black children was established in San Francisco.
1859 September 12 Chinese School was established.
1859 December Chinese school was temporarily closed due to lack of funding.
1860 April 17, Superintendent James Denman present his first report about the Chinese School
1860 July 31st, the Chinese school was scheduled to be closed due to Superintendent Denman's report.
1860 Jan 9, Chinese school was opened again due to the press involvement.
1860 Oct 25, due to pressure from the Chinese community, the Chinese School reopened as night school only.
1858 State Superintendent Moulder's racist report against the Chinese, Indian, and Black community.
1961 May -September evening Chinese school was closed.
1862 January 10th, Governor Leland Stanford reiterated his predecessor's anti-Chinese policy.
1863 John Swett became state's fourth school superintendent and policy for Chinese education became better.
1868 Denman became superintendent again. Moved the Chinese school to caucasian district and rehired the religious teacher, Mr. Lanctot, that the Chinese community did not like.
1871 The Chinese school was closed permanently.
1867 Democrats passed an anti-Chinese resolution
1869 Railroad construction was done.
1870 Anti-Chinese convention was held at Platt's Hall.
1876. drought in the winter, death of thousands of cattle, and decline in mine, bankrupt miners pushed workers to the cities.
1876 Six Flag Companies urged the mayor to protect Chinese on the street.
1876 Formation of a committee of the California Senate to investigate the problem of Chinese immigration.
1877 drastic drop in the output of Comstock Lode mining region sent stock value in SF plummeting. Life savings disappeared for many.
July 1877Boycott, fires, and intimidation directed at businessmen hiring Chinese. Rioters sacked and burned building occupied by the Chinese.
1882 Chinese Exclusion Act.
1872 state school law stated that "school must be established for Indian and African children, but Chinese were not included.
Oct 22 1872, Chinese petitioned that the Chinese School to be reopened.
1876 Reverend Otis Gibson testified before joint congressional committee in support for the Chinese School
March 6, 1878 1300 Chinese petitioned the state for school priviledges.
1880 Race was removed from the school law of 1880, but Chinese were still excluded due to the excuse of "children of filthy or vicious habits" should not be admitted.
1863-1866 John Swett removed punishment of withholding school funds for admitting children of the "inferior races", mandated the establishment and separate schools, and promised all children an education.
1865-1867 John Pelton became the Superintendent and attempted to improve Chinese education in San Francisco.
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