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14 Dec 2017
Porfírio Díaz begins his second term as president of México and modifies the constitution to stay in power
Victor Ochoa, El Paso, TX, editor of Hispano-Americano, launches a revolutionary movement against Díaz—the first Mexican American to do so
After inspiring several uprisings along México’s northern border, Teresita Urrea (la Santa de Cabora) is banished by the Díaz government and comes to El Paso in exile
Brothers Ricardo and Enríque Flores Magón make plans in El Paso for an anarchist movement (known as Magonistas); the plan fails
The Magonistas (now also called the Partido Liberal Mexicano) make a second plan to take over Ciudad Juárez; this plan also fails y In an interview with American Journalist James Creelman, Díaz announces that he will retire at the end of his term because México is ready to hold free elections
U.S. President William Taft meets with Díaz in El Paso
Díaz runs for reelection but when Francisco I. Madero enters the race, he has Madero put in jail and wins the election y Madero escapes to San Antonio, TX, where he drafts the Plan of San Luis Potosí that calls for the overthrow of the Díaz regime. y The Revolution begins with insurrections in several states in northern México (November 20); over the next decade thousands of Mexicans flee to El Paso and the U.S.
Madero establishes his headquarters of the revolution in offices 507-508 of the Caples Building in El Paso (January) y Madero establishes a provisional capital of México in an adobe building near the present-day site of Monument Marker #1 in El Paso (April) y Madero’s troops, under the direction of Francisco “Pancho” Villa and Pascual Orozco, attack federal troops in Ciudad Juárez as hundreds of El Pasoans watch from rooftops and train cars; this Battle of Juárez lasts for three day
The U.S. sends troops to the border, fearing that the revolution would cross over the border 1912 y Orozco breaks his alliance with Madero who assigns Villa and Victoriano Huerta to combat Orozco’s rebels in the north
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