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Adolf Hitler becomes leader of National Socialist (Nazi) Party.
Germany admitted to League of Nations.
Germans elect Nazis making them the 2nd largest political party in Germany.
Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany.
Nazis open Dachau concentration camp.
Nazi Party declared Germany's only political party.
Germany quits the League of Nations.
Civil war erupts in Spain.
German President Hindenburg dies.
Nazis take Czechoslovakia.
Spanish Civil war ends.
Nazis invade Denmark and Norway.
Francisco Franco became a military General in Spain.
Spain withdrew from the League of Nations.
The German Condor Legion first saw action, working with Spanish Nationalists to capture Madrid, Spain.
Spain became a republic
Japanese army invades Chinese province of Manchuria, installs puppet regime.
Japan signs alliance with Nazi Germany.
Japan goes to war with China, capturing Shanghai, Beijing and Nanjing amid atrocities like the "Rape of Nanjing", in which up to 300,000 Chinese civilians were killed
Japan launches a surprise attack on US Pacific fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. US and main allies declare war on Japan.
Prime Minister Inukai Tsuyoshi killed during failed coup by nationalist army officers.
US forces are near enough to Japan to start bombing raids on Japanese cities.
US planes drop two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August. Emperor Hirohito surrenders and relinquishes divine status. Japan placed under US military government. All Japanese military and naval forces disbanded.
Japan occupies succession of countries, including Philippines, Dutch East Indies, Burma and Malaya. In June, US aircraft carriers defeat the Japanese at the Battle of Midway.
Japan moves to occupy French Indo-China.
An uprising of Guardia Civil in Spain left 25 dead.
Spanish Frente Popular won elections.
Franco troops conquered Toledo.
U.S. abandoned the American embassy in Madrid, Spain
Fascist leader Mussolini forms government after three years of political and economic unrest.
Italy invades Ethiopia.
Mussolini forms axis with Nazi Germany.
Italy enters World War II on German side.
Italian forces occupy British Somaliland in East Africa.
Italy declares war on USSR.
King Victor Emmanuel III imprisons Mussolini.
Italy declares war on Germany.
Allied armies liberate Rome.
Mussolini, who had been rescued from prison by Germans, is captured and executed by Italian partisans.
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