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Marcelo Malpighi. Was Born in 10 Marth of 1628 He was created the microscope Malpighi made many drawings of his observations, like the ones in the engraving on the left.
Anton van Leeuwenhoek Was Born in 1632. He manufactured many microscopes and used them to observe microorganisms. The engraving on the left shows some drawings of the microorganisms that Leeuwenhoek observed using microscopes he made himself.
Robert Hooke. An English scientist, born in 1635. He died in 1703. In 1665, he studied a sheet of cork with a simple microscope like the one you see in the picture below. The engraving on the left shows one of Hooke’s drawings of his observations of a sheet of cork. When he saw the small, honeycomb-like compartments on the sheet, Hooke called them “cells” (from the Latin word for small room).
Rober Brown A Scottish botanist, born in 1773. He died in 1858. Thanks to developments in microscopes, he was able to observe the inside of plant cells in more detail. Brown discovered that there was a structure in plant cells: he called it the “nucleus.” Scientists would later discover that this structure is present in all eukaryotic cells.
Matthias Schleiden A German botanist (1804-1881)
Theodor Schwann A German physiologist and anatomist (1810-1882)
Rudolf Virchow. A German doctor (1821-1902)
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