April 15, 2020
For educational institutions
Basic Timeline of the Holocaust
⟶ Updated 1 months ago ⟶
List of edits
Hitler appointed as chancellor of Germany
Nazis open first concentration camps (Dachau, Buchenwald, Sachsenhausen, Ravensbrück - for women)
German Parliament passes Enabling Act giving Hitler dictatorial powers.
Nazis stage boycott of Jewish shops and businesses.
Nazis issue a Decree defining a non-Aryan as "anyone descended from non-Aryan, especially Jewish, parents or grandparents."
The Gestapo is born (secret police)
Nazis start the burning of the books
Nazis pass Law to strip Jewish immigrants from Poland of their German citizenship.
Nazis prohibit Jews from owning land
Jews not allowed national health insurance.
Jews are prohibited from getting legal qualifications.
Nazis ban Jews from serving in the military.
Nuremberg Race Laws against Jews decreed.
The German Gestapo is placed above the law.
SS Deathshead division is established to guard concentration camps.
Olympic games begin in Berlin. Nazis seek to gain legitimacy through favorable public opinion from foreign visitors - Temporarily stop actions against Jews.
Jews are banned from many teaching Germans, and from being accountants, etc. Also denied tax reductions and child allowances.
Germans invade Austria (200,000 Jews)
Himmler then establishes Mauthausen concentration camp near Linz.
U.S. convenes a League of Nations conference with 32 countries to consider helping Jews fleeing Hitler.
Jews over 15 y/o forced to get indentity cards
Law requires Jewish passports to be stamped with a large red "J."
Jewish pupils are expelled from all non-Jewish German schools.
Nazis force Jews to hand over all gold and silver items.
German Jews denied the right to hold government jobs.
Jews have curfews
Yellow stars required to be worn by Polish Jews over age 10.
"The time is near when a machine will go into motion which is going to prepare a grave for the world's criminal - Judah - from which there will be no resurrection." - Nazi magazine
First deportation of German Jews into occupied Poland.
Paris is occupied by the Nazis.
France signs an armistice with Hitler.
Vichy France passes its own version of the Nuremberg Laws.
Himmler makes his first visit to Auschwitz, during which he orders Kommandant Höss to begin massive expansion
German Jews ordered into forced labor.
The first test use of Zyklon-B gas at Auschwitz.
SS Einsatzgruppe B reports a tally of 45,476 Jews killed
In occupied Poland, near Lodz, Chelmno extermination camp becomes operational
Mass killings of Jews using Zyklon-B begin at Auschwitz - bodies buried in mass graves in a nearby meadow.
SS Einsatzgruppe A reports a tally of 229,052 Jews killed.
In occupied Poland, Belzec extermination camp becomes operational
In occupied Poland, Sobibor extermination camp becomes operational.
Himmler grants permission for sterilization experiments at Auschwitz.
Open pit burning of bodies begins at Auschwitz in place of burial
First resistance by Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto.
Exterminations cease at Treblinka, after an estimated 870,000 deaths.
Exterminations cease at Sobibor, after over 250,000 deaths.
President Roosevelt creates the War Refugee Board.
Russian troops liberate the first concentration camp, at Majdanek where over 360,000 had been murdered.
Last use of the gas chambers at Auschwitz.
Nazis force 25,000 Jews to walk over 100 miles in rain and snow from Budapest to the Austrian border - then a second forced march of 50,000 persons
1945 - the Nazis conduct death marches of concentration camp inmates away from outlying areas.
Americans free 33,000 inmates from concentration camps.
Hitler commits suicide in his Berlin bunker.
Russians liberate Budapest, freeing over 80,000 Jews.
Russian troops liberate Auschwitz.
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