Stephen Jay Gould (1941-2002)
Stephen Jay Gould was born 10 September 1941 and died 20 May 2002 (Stephen Jay Gould). Throughout his life, he contributed to paleontology and evolutionary science. Gould was believer in Darwinism and did a lot of work with evolution. In his book, "The Structure of Evolutionary Theory” published 21 March 2002, Gould developed the theory of punctuated equilibrium which “proposed that evolution of living species is not a slow, gradual process of change. Instead, it consists of long periods of stability broken by shorter periods of rapid change” (Stephen Jay Gould). Although this theory is now widely accepted in paleontology, it still has critics and skepticism in the evolutionary biologist’s community (Stephen Jay Gould). Gould is also famous for his idea of non-overlapping magisterial which was published in his book "Rocks of Ages" in March 1999. Non-overlapping magisterial is the idea that “No supposed "conflict" between science and religion should exist because each has a legitimate magisterium, or domain of teaching authority--and these magisteria do not overlap” (Gould). This idea itself stirred up conflict due to different opinions about religion and science. While some people agreed with Gould since there are a lot of things in religion that are not falsifiable, others did not. These people believed that science and religion do cross over, that you could not have one without the other, and even things that are not falsifiable in religion are still science.
Gould, S. J. (1999, Jul). Non-overlapping magisteria. The Skeptical Inquirer, 23, 55-61. Retrieved from https://search-proquest-com.ezproxy1.apus.edu/docview/219374863?accountid=8289
“Stephen Jay Gould.” Famous Scientists, 16 May 2017, www.famousscientists.org/stephen-jay-gould/