4 months ago
Rome was a very chaotic place and held a massive amount politically motivated riots. Cicero tried to stop the tension when he started to be noticed by citizens. Many of the Romans disagreed with his plan, in between the chaos generals were gaining power one of these generals were Julius Caeser.
Caeser nearly conquered all of Gaul. Romans admirred him for his bravery and skill. Most soldiers respected him because of how well he treated them compared to other generals.
Caeser had powerful friends like Pompey, a very influenced leader, and Crassus. Together they ruled Rome for about 10 years before Pompey and senators ordered Caeser to give up a command of his armies to only Pompey.
Caeser returned to Rome and declared himself dictator, senator grew to fear his power. Later, Caesers army defeated Pompey and killing him by orders of the Egyptian King.
The senators stabbed Caeser to death on March 14th. After his assassination Marc Anthony and Caeser adopted son Octovian or later called Agustus came to pow. Their first goal was to avenge Caesers death.
Anthony and Octavian's sister army caught up to the killers. After a small battle near the Philippines the killers killed themselves. After the battle of the Philippines. The Octavian's returned to Italy and Anthony went East to fight.
Anthony married Octovian's sister. 8 years later he divorces and marries Cleopatra. Anthony's behavior lead to a civil war.
Anthony was defeated in the battle of Octavion than, he and Cleopatra committed suicide to prevent becoming slaves. Octavian was the sole ruler of Rome. Octavian gained so much power, he later took the title princeps or "first citizen".
Octavian gave some power to the senate, when he actually kept power through the process. They gave him a new name; Agustus, meaning reverened one. This point in the marked the end of the Roman republic and beginning of the Roman empire.
When Rome became an empire they controlled most of the Mediterranean already. By this time emperors after Agustus had taken over Gaul and much of central Europe. Under the control of emperor Claudius, they conquered most of Britain, Asia minor, Mesopotamia, all of North Africa, and the Eastern Coast of the Mediterranean.
All free people were given the right of citizens. They made achievements in science, engineering, architecture, and art. They started to study stars, plants, animals, and health. They had also developed and design one f there greatest influences was probably in law because of their legal system based of code called "Civil Law".
Invaders were being paid not to destroy Rome but when Rome stopped paying, they attacked. 2 years later the city was destroyed.
The military leader took charge. Years later, wealthy citizens took charge. With the wealthy leaving Rome slowly collapsed and the Empire after.
An uprising threatened to the Emperor of Eastern Rome to leave Justinian, his wife Theodore convinced him to stay. He took her advice and soon crushed riots. He died, then invaders took all the land he gained. The Roman Empire continued to shrink for the couple of hundred years.
The people remaining in the east of the Roman are called the Byzatine Empire, because they spoke Greek rather than Latin and had more non-Roman influences. The Eastern Empires art work reflected the importance of Christianity to them. Later more district differences were made in there way of practicing religion and they formed the orthodox church.
The Gothic victory, over the city inspired other warriors to invade the Western half of the Empire. The Roman world was to big to govern effectively.
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