Thomas Kuhn is one of the most influential and well known philosophers of his time. Kuhn was born 18 July 1922 and died 17 June 1996 ("Kuhn, Thomas (Samuel)."). He is most famous for his work The Structure of Scientific Revolutions that was published in 1962. Within this work, Kuhn addresses his concept of normal science, crisis science, revolutionary science, and the paradigm. The purpose of paradigms “are to supply puzzles for scientists to solve and to provide the tools for their solution” (Bird). Normal science is the period in which a theory is practiced and not called into question. Crisis science is a period in which “confidence is lost in the ability of the paradigm to solve particularly worrying puzzles called ‘anomalies’” (Bird). Revolutionary science is when a new theory is accepted. Additionally, Kuhn thought “science guided by one paradigm would be ‘incommensurable’ with science developed under a different paradigm” (Bird). Incommensurable refers to there being no common measure to relate different scientific theories. Thomas Kuhn with his work The Structure of Scientific Revolutions transformed the philosophical and scientific community. Kuhn’s ideas within this work set standards for what he thought what should be accepted as science and what should not.
Bird, Alexander, "Thomas Kuhn", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Fall 2013 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/fall2013/entries/thomas-kuhn/
"Kuhn, Thomas (Samuel)." Britannica Concise Encyclopedia, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Britannica Digital Learning, 2017. Credo Reference, http://ezproxy.apus.edu/login?url=http://search.credoreference.com/content/entry/ebconcise/kuhn_thomas_samuel/0?institutionId=8703. Accessed 03 Nov 2017.
“Normal Science.” Thwink.org, www.thwink.org/sustain/glossary/NormalScience.htm.