June 30, 2022
For educational institutions
⟶ Updated 7 Sep 2017 ⟶
List of edits
Margaret Floy Washburn: becomes the first female psychologist elected to the U.S. National Academy of Science.
Carl Rogers: Publishes Client-Centered Therapy
Edward Titchener: entered Wundt's laboratory at the University of Leipzig,
Edward Titchener: Received his Ph.D.
Structuralism: founded by Wilhelm Wundt.
Introspection: (Work originally coined) the examination of one's own conscious thoughts and feelings.
Functionalism: (coined term) belief in or stress on the practical application of a thing, in particular.
Behaviorism: (Term coined) the theory that human and animal behavior can be explained in terms of conditioning, without appeal to thoughts or feelings, and that psychological disorders are best treated by altering behavior patterns.
Humanism: an outlook or system of thought attaching prime importance to human rather than divine or supernatural matters. Humanist beliefs stress the potential value and goodness of human beings, emphasize common human needs, and seek solely rational ways of solving human problems.
Abraham Maslow: Theorized his hierarchy of needs
Cognitive Psychology: is the scientific study of mind and mental function, including learning, memory, attention, perception, reasoning, language, conceptual development, and decision making.
Cognitive Neuroscience: is the scientific field that is concerned with the study of the biological processes and aspects that underlie cognition
Socrates & Plato: Believed the mind and body were separate entities (dualism) and that most ideas, thoughts, traits, etc., were inborn. (Nature over Nurture).
Aristotle: The Nature of the Soul, Sense-Perception and Thought
Rene Descartes: The French philosopher and mathematician who proposed mind-body interaction and the doctrine of innate ideas; Publishes A Discourse on Method.
Francis Bacon: Publishes The Proficiency and Advancement of Learning
John Locke: The British philosopher who rejected Descartes' notion of innate ideas and insisted that the mind at birth is a "blank slate", Publishes An Essay Concerning Human Understanding, which stresses empiricism over speculation.
Wilhelm Wundt: Establishes at the University of Leipzig, Germany the first psychology laboratory, which becomes a Mecca for psychology students from all over the world.
G. Stanley Hall: Student of Wilhelm Wundt, establishes the first formal U.S. Psychology laboratory at Johns Hopkins University.
William James: Harvard University philosopher and psychologist, publishes The Principles of Psychology, describing psychology as "the science of mental life"
G. Stanley Hall: Spearheads the founding of the American Psychological Association and becomes the first president.
Mary Whiton Calkins: is the first woman elected to membership of the APA.
Margaret Floy Washburn: is the first woman to receive a Ph.D. degree in psychology.
Sigmund Freud: Publishes The Interpretation of Dreams, his major theoretical work on psychoanalysis.
B.F. Skinner: publishes The Behavior of Organisms, which describes operant conditioning of animals.
Mary Whiton Calkins: becomes the first female president of the APA
John B. Watson: Outlines the tenets of behaviorism in a Psychological Review article, "Psychology as the Behaviorist Views It"
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