U.S. Foreign Policy and Expansion
⟶ Updated 10 months ago ⟶
List of edits
Declaration of Independence (1776)
France recognizews U.S. after victory at Saratoga (1777)
Benjamin Franklin, Henry Laurens and Thomas Jefferson named to assist Adams in peace negotiations (1782) Congress insists on independence; all else is negotiable
Netherlands recognizes U.S. independence (1781) Signs treaty of commerce and friendship; Dutch bankers loan $2 million for war supplies.
Treaty of Paris ends American Revolutionary War (1783) U.S. boundaries confirmed as Canada on North, Mississippi River to the west, Florida on south.
Louisiana Purchase from France for $15,000,000 (1803)
President James Madison calls for Declaration of War against Britain (1812) Causes are impressment, violation of neutral rights, support on hostile Indians in Northwest; War Hawks led by Henry Clay and John C. Calhoun support him, beginning the War of 1812.
Treaty of Ghent (1814) Ended the War of 1812, providing status quo ante bellum; no change in territory
Annexation of Republic of Texas (1845) Mexico breaks relations in retaliation
Treaty of Guadelupe Hidalgo (1848) -Settled Mexican-American War -Rio Grande is border of Texas -Territory of New Mexico & rest of west ceded to US, including California
Mexican-American War begins (1846)
Monroe Doctrine (1823)
Bill of Rights (1791)
Lewis and Clark reach Pacific Ocean (1805)
Indian Removal Act (1830)
Trail of Tears (1838)
Oregon Trail (1841)
John O'Sullivan Coins 'Manifest Destiny' (1845)
Oregon Treaty (England hands over chunk of OR to U.S.) (1846)
Gold Rush begins (1848)
Brigham Young brings 5,000 people to Utah (1846)
Homestead Act (1862) Settlers were given or sold free/cheap land in exchange for 5 years of improving and living on it.
Pacific Railroad Act (1862)
Alaska is bought from Russia for $7,200,000 (1867)
XYZ Affair (1797)
Burlingame Treaty established formal friendly relations with China and placed them on most favored nation status, Chinese immigration encouraged; reversed in 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act.
Sources: https://time.graphics/updates/new/36942 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monroe_Doctrine https://www.preceden.com/timelines/150784-a-history-of-united-states-foreign-policy http://en.citizendium.org/wiki/U.S._foreign_policy/Timelines
Click the solid green ones for more info
British Impressment of U.S. sailors (1807-1814)
War of 1812 (1812-1814)
Revolutionary War (1775-1783)
Mexican-American War (1846-1848)
Civil War (1861-1865)
Quasi-War with France (1798-1800) Undeclared naval war with France due to XYZ Affair
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