June 15, 2020
For educational institutions
rwandan genocide timeline
⟶ Updated 23 Oct 2017 ⟶
List of edits
Germany colonizes Rwanda.
The Belgians assume control of Rwanda.
The Belgians organize a census and mandate that everyone be issued an identity card classifying them as either Tutsi, Hutu, or Twa.
The United Nations passes a resolution which both defines genocide and declares it a crime under international law.
A Hutu rebellion begins against the Tutsis and Belgians.
The Tutsi monarchy is abolished.
Rwanda gains its independence.
Juvénal Habyarimana takes control of Rwanda in a bloodless coup.
The RPF (Rwandan Patriotic Front) is created in Uganda.
The RPF invade Rwanda, starting a civil war.
RTLM (Radio Télévison des Milles Collines) begins broadcasting and spreading hate.
Rwandan President Juvénal Habyarimana is killed when his plane is shot out of the sky. This is the official beginning of the Rwandan Genocide.
Hutu extremists begin killing their political opponents, including the prime minister.
Massacre at Gikondo - hundreds of Tutsis are killed in the Pallottine Missionary Catholic Church. Since the killers were clearly targeting only Tutsi, the Gikondo massacre was the first clear sign that a genocide was occurring.
Massacre at the Nyarubuye Roman Catholic Church - thousands of Tutsi are killed, first by grenades and guns and then by machetes and clubs.
Approximately 250,000 people, mostly Tutsi, flee to neighboring Tanzania.
The RPF takes control of the presidential palace.
The French establish a safe zone in the southwest corner of Rwanda.
Approximately one million people, mostly Hutu, begin fleeing to Zaire (now called the Democratic Republic of the Congo).
The Rwanda Genocide ends when the RPF gains control of the country.
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