Charles Darwin (1809-1882)
Charles Darwin is most famous for his work in the Galapagos Islands. It is here that he developed his theory of evolution and “Darwinism” developed. Darwinism is essentially survival of the fittest. Darwin developed these ideas of natural selection after observing the wildlife on these islands. Here he found that, for example, birds that were of similar species to one another developed different styles of beaks depending on what their food source was. Darwin realized this was the case for many animals all throughout the globe. “In 1858, after years of further scientific investigation, Darwin publically introduced his revolutionary theory of evolution in a letter read at a meeting of the Linnean Society.” (Charles Darwin). This theory caused a lot of controversy from the public. People did not take too easy on a theory that pretty much goes against most people’s religion that tells them god created everything as is. People did not like the idea that we could have actually evolved from something else instead of being created as is by a god. A year after Darwin announced this controversial idea, “on November 24, 1859, he published a detailed explanation of his theory in his best-known work, On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection” (Charles Darwin). Thanks to advances in our knowledge in DNA, Darwin was eventually proven right more than a century later.
Darwin’s controversial theory shows the stages of normal science, model crisis, and the model revolution. People were comfortable in believing that everything came from god. When Darwin brought a new theory that suggested otherwise, people went in to denial mode and some even shunned Darwin for his theory. Eventually, Darwins theory was proven right through advances in science and is commonly accepted today.
“Charles Darwin.” Biography.com, A&E Television Networks, 27 Apr. 2017, www.biography.com/people/charles-darwin-9266433