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Amongst others these included the Indian Emigration Passes to Fiji for the period 1879 to 1916. These records comprise over 60,000 individual passes issued to Indians who were to come to Fiji as indentured labourers.
Between 1879 and 1916, 42 ships made 87 travels carrying indentured laborers to Fiji. A total of 60,965 passengers left India but only 60,553 arrived in Fiji. The most important man on these ships was the Surgeon-Superintendent, who supervised the medical care, and the clothing. He was paid a bonus for each laborer that survived.
In the 19th century many indians agreed to escape the widespread poverty and famine. Some travelled alone; others brought their families to settle in the colonies they worked in. The demand for Indian indentured labourers increased dramatically after the abolition of slavery in 1834. They were sent to plantation colonies producing high value crops such as sugar in Africa and the Caribbean.
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In the 19th century Many Indians agreed to become indentured labourers to escape the widespread poverty. Some travelled alone others brought their families to settle in the colonies they worked in.
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