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The Antikythera Device (80 BC) The device is a complex mix of gears which most likely calculated the position of the sun, moon or other celestial bodies. The device dates back 2000 years and is considered to be of Greek origin and was given the name “The Antikythera Device”.
Water Clocks (270 BC) An ancient Greek engineer named Ctesibus made water clocks with movable figures. The concept was fairly simple; a reservoir with a precise hole in the bottom would take 24 hours to empty its contents.
Flying Pigeon (420 BC) Archytas of Tarentum invented a wooden, steam propelled bird, which was able to fly.
Automata (40 AD) The Hero of Alexandria, a Mathematician, Physicist and Engineer wrote a book titled 'Automata', which is a collection of devices which could have been used in temples. He designed an odometer to be mounted on a cart and measure distances traveled. Among his other inventions are a windpowered organ, animated statues and the Aeolipile.
Programmable Automation Band (1206) Al-Jazari, a Muslim Polymath, created early humanoid automata, programmable automaton band.
Medieval Period (1300) Automatons, human-like figures run by hidden mechanisms, were used to impress peasant worshippers in church into believing in a higher power. These mechanisms created the illusion of self-motion, moving without assistance. The clock jack was a mechanical figure that could strike time on a bell with its axe.
First Humanoid Robot (1495) Leonardo da Vinci designed what may be the first humanoid robot. The robot was designed to sit up, wave its arms, and move its head via a flexible neck while opening and closing its jaw.
Pascaline (1645) Blaise Pascal invented a calculating machine to help his father with taxes. The device was called the Pascaline and about 50 were built.
Miniture Automatons (1701) In the 18th century, miniature automatons became popular as toys for the very rich. They were made to look and move like humans or small animals.[
Modern Semantics (1837) The mathematician Bernard Bolzano made the first modern attempt to formalise semantics.
Jacquard Loom (1801) Joseph-Marie Jacquard invented the Jacquard loom, the first programmable machine, with instructions on punched cards
Ajedrecista (1912) Torres y Quevedo built his chess machine 'Ajedrecista', using electromagnets under the board to play the endgame rook and king against the lone king, possibly the first computer game.
Programmed Checkers (1952) Arthur Samuel wrote the first game-playing program, for checkers, to achieve sufficient skill to challenge a world champion. Samuel's machine learning programs were responsible for the high performance of the checkers player.
Lisp Language (1958) John McCarthy (MIT) invented the Lisp language.
Neutral Nets (1968) Marvin Minsky & Seymour Papert publish Perceptrons, demonstrating limits of simple neural nets.
IBM 360 (1964) The IBM 360 becomes the first computer to be mass-produced
First Robocup (1997) The first Robocup tournament is held in Japan. The goal of Robocup is to have a fully automated team of robots beat the worlds best soccer team by the year 2050.
ASIMO (2000) Honda debuts ASIMO, the next generation in its series of humanoid robots.
Smartphone Personal Assistants (2011-2014) Apple's Siri (2011), Google's Google Now (2012) and Microsoft's Cortana (2014) are smartphone apps that use natural language to answer questions, make recommendations and perform actions.
'Flying Camera' (2004) Epsom release the smallest known robot, standing 7cm high and weighing just 10 grams. The robot helicopter is intended to be used as a ‘flying camera’ during natural disasters.
First Self-Replicating Robot (2005) Researchers at Cornell University build the first self-replicating robot. Each ‘robot’ is made up of a small tower of computerised cubes which link together through the use of magnets.
Roomba Vacuum (2002) After being first introduced in 2002, the popular Roomba robotic vacuum cleaner has sold over 2.5 million units in 2008, proving that there is a strong demand for this type of domestic robotic technology.
Google (2009) Google builds self driving car.
Xbox Kinect (2010) Microsoft launched Kinect for Xbox 360, the first gaming device to track human body movement, using just a 3D camera and infra-red detection, enabling users to play their Xbox 360 wirelessly.
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