June 15, 2020
For educational institutions
Hidden Figures Self Select Timeline
⟶ Updated 8 Oct 2017 ⟶
List of edits
April 16, 1963: Martin Luther King is arrested and jailed during anti-segregation protests in Birmingham, Alabama; he writes his seminal "Letter from Birmingham Jail," arguing that individuals have the moral duty to disobey unjust laws.
August 28, 1963: About 200,000 people join the March on Washington. Congregating at the Lincoln Memorial, participants listen as Martin Luther King delivers his famous "I Have a Dream" speech.
July 2, 1964: President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964. This act prohibits discrimination of all kinds based on race, color, religion, or national origin.
March 7, 1965 (Bloody Sunday): Blacks begin a march to Montgomery in support of voting rights but are stopped at the Pettus Bridge by a police blockade.
August 10, 1965: Congress passes the Voting Rights Act of 1965, making it easier for Southern blacks to register to vote. Literacy tests, poll taxes, and other such requirements that were used to restrict black voting are made illegal.
September 24, 1965: President Johnson issues Executive Order 11246, which enforces affirmative action for the first time. It requires government contractors to "take affirmative action" toward prospective minority employees in all aspects of hiring and employment.
June 12, 1967: In Loving v. Virginia, the Supreme Court rules that prohibiting interracial marriage is unconstitutional. Sixteen states that still banned interracial marriage at the time are forced to revise their laws.
April 4, 1968: Martin Luther King, at age 39, is shot as he stands on the balcony outside his hotel room. Escaped convict and committed racist James Earl Ray is convicted of the crime.
April 11, 1968: President Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1968, prohibiting discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of housing.
December 1, 1943: Dorothy Vaughan begins her first day of work at the Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory.
November 4, 1943: Secretary of the Navy Frank Knox gives a speech to the workers of Langley
August 15, 1945: Victory over Japan (V-J) Day
June 18, 1940: Alston v. Norfolk
April 5, 1951: A New York federal court handed down a death sentence against Ethel and Julius Rosenberg, a New York couple accused of spying for the Russians.
July 26, 1948: President Truman signs Executive Order 9981
May 17, 1954: The Supreme Court rules on the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kans., unanimously agreeing that segregation in public schools is unconstitutional.
December 1, 1955: NAACP member Rosa Parks refuses to give up her seat at the front of the "colored section" of a bus to a white passenger, defying a southern custom of the time.
January - February 1957: Martin Luther King, Charles K. Steele, and Fred L. Shuttlesworth establish the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, of which King is made the first president.
April 1960: The Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) is founded at Shaw University, providing young blacks with a place in the civil rights movement.
October 1, 1962: James Meredith becomes the first black student to enroll at the University of Mississippi. Violence and riots surrounding the incident cause President Kennedy to send 5,000 federal troops.
February 4-11, 1945: Yalta Conference meeting of FDR, Churchill, Stalin - the 'Big Three' Soviet Union has control of Eastern Europe. The Cold War Begins
August 6, 1945: The United States drops atomic bomb on Hiroshima; kills 80,000
August 9, 1945: The United States drops atomic bomb on Nagasaki; kills 70,000
October 4, 1957: Sputnik launched into orbit
November 3, 1957: Sputnik II launched; Laika died in space
January 31, 1958: Explorer I launched
July 20 : Apollo 11 lands on the moon
August 1991: End of Soviet Union and the Cold War ends
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