Roger Bacon, also called Doctor Mirabilis (wonderful teacher), was famous for his works in philosophical studies in mathematics, natural science, and language studies (Antolic-Piper). He is remembered for being an “early Masters who taught Aristotle's works on natural philosophy and metaphysics”. (Hackett) Bacon is noted for his famous work the “Opus maius” that he wrote on 22 June 1266. This work relates the most to this class with its emphasis on a scientific view of the world. This work offers “a structural critique of scholastic practice in the universities” (Hackett) and discusses things such as his interpretations and philosophical ideas of humans in this world and in the next within this work. It is broken up into seven parts. The first part discusses the causes of error in education, the second part discusses views of trust and wisdom, and the third part deals with language studies. Parts four, five and six go on to explain Bacons influences to scientific education, and part seven “comprises the philosophy of religion, social philosophy, a theory of the virtues, an astrological-sociology of religion and cultures, and an account of argument and rhetoric” (Hackett). His other work includes “Secretum secretorum” that he wrote sometime between 1270 and 1280. This work was divided into four parts and takes a more of a political stance than a scientific one.
Antolic-Piper, Pia. “Roger Bacon (1214–1292).” Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy, www.iep.utm.edu/bacon-ro/.
Hackett, Jeremiah, "Roger Bacon", The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (Spring 2015 Edition), Edward N. Zalta (ed.), https://plato.stanford.edu/archives/spr2015/entries/roger-bacon/