jan 1, 1532 - Spanish Colonization
But the Inca heyday wasn’t to last as the more technologically advanced Spaniards arrived just a short time later. In 1532, their first ships sailed along the coast of Peru with the intention of colonizing the entire continent. After a series of bloody battles, they took control of the Inca stronghold of Cuzco and eventually branched out into Bolivia. As is often the case in colonial conquests, the Spanish brutally repressed the native inhabitants, slaughtering many and forcing others to work as slaves. Remarkably, however, Bolivia’s indigenous inhabitants fared much better than most, which is why the country has the highest proportion of natives in South America today.
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