dec 26, 1808 - Poe
was a kind of prophet to the Symbolists and was termed by Breton "Surrealist in adventure."
More importantly we must add: French alchemist Nicholas Flamel (c. 1330-1417); Paracelsus (1493-1541), Giodorno Bruno (1548-1600), and the Hermetic-alchemical tradition; Hegel (1770-1831), German transcendental-idealist philosopher who popularized the dialectic; latterday magician Eliphas Levi; and pioneer psychologists Pierre Janet (1859-1947) and Freud (1856-1939). Janet opposed Freudianism and inspired Breton as a medical student but dismissed Surrealism. Freud was a cigar smoker, founder of psychoanalysis and psychodynamics, and popularizer of the concept of the unconscious. His theories were unfortunately skewed by his own neuroses and by the narrow sample of society represented by his predominantly Viennese Jewish clientele. To his credit, he recognized "the poets" as the true "discoverers" of the unconscious.
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