jan 1, 1682 - Versailles
King Louis XIV of France built a large palace in Versailles, a former hunting lodge on land with no water and poor foundations, where he and his court of nobles lived (since he controlled the distribution of state power and wealth, nobles had to comply with his demand that they spend at least part of the year there). He spent vast sums of money building the palace, causing financial crisis in France and starvation for overtaxed peasants. He was able to keep and eye on and control the nobility, with cramped living space and harsh etiquette rules. Louis' palace at Versailles inspired other absolute monarchs to build similar, grandeous palaces for themselves.
Added to timeline: