jan 1, 1934 - The IRA, Indian Reorganization Act
Roosevelt's New Deal tried to tell Native American affairs slow down the land grab and swing the pendulum back toward tribal sovereignty. The FDR's Indian Commissioner John Collier wanted to help economic development, self-determination, cultural pluralism and the revival of tribalism. The IRA stopped the allotment process and stopped the loss of Native American lands. The tribes were given the chance to get together their governments under a constitution. Tribal councils could hire lawyers and protect their lands that are left. For many tribes this contradicted their traditional forms of government.
Added to timeline:
Indiun Country Diaries