jan 1, 1830 - The Cherokee Cases
There were three cases the Cherokee tribe had in North Carolina. The Cherokee tribe had become civilized learning white farming, laws, and even religion. But the state of Georgia still wanted them to move to Indian areas in Oklahoma. The Cherokee pointed out they were their own nation confirmed by treaties with the U.S. government. Shouldn't they be treated like a state within the meaning of the U.S. Constitution Marshall said "No." He said they are "domestic dependent nations. They occupy a territory to which we assert a title independent of their will. They are in a state of pupilage."
Added to timeline:
Indiun Country Diaries